Who must identify as a sex offender in Canada?
The Canadian sex offender database maintained under the Sex Offender Information Registration Act (SOIRA) by the RCMP is called the National Sex Offender Registry. This registry is a vital tool in fighting sex crimes, protecting vulnerable children and adults and safeguarding communities in Canada. Designated sex offenders who are convicted as a sex offender are ordered by the courts to report annually to the police. The RCMP regional offices in each province and territories register all sex offenders in the registry upon conviction.
During the registration process, information on these individuals such as name, date of birth, current address, current photograph, identifying marks (e.g. tattoos, scars), vehicle information, employment details including address and the convicted sex offence are entered in the system. All accredited Canadian police agencies have access to this database which improves their ability to investigate and prevent crimes from happening. The public does not have access to this database.
When investigating sex related crimes, time is of essence for police in locating sexual predators and investigating their crimes.
The designated criminal offences that require entry in the sex registry are:
- Sexual exploitation
- Sexual assault
- Sexual interference
- Invitation to sexual touching
- Child pornography (making, possession, distribution)
- Aggravated sexual assault
- Sexual assault with a weapon, threats to a third party or causing bodily harm
- Parent or guardian procuring sexual activity
- Select offences where it can be proven that the offence was committed with the intent to commit an offence of a sexual nature
- Attempt or conspiracy to commit any of the above offences
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